Derelict landscape

Derelict landscape

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The word derelict means to forsake wholly, to abandon. Derelict land is therefore a manifestation of intentional or conscious neglect and is land that is incapable of beneficial use without treatment. Legislative action to address this issue is, relatively speaking, in its infancy. So great is the magnitude of worldwide land despoliation, and so universally similar are the forms of reclamation, that the issue of derelict land can best be addressed through the medium of a specific example, as follows. As a necessary element of environmental stewardship, the British government has undertaken an ambitious derelict land reclamation program in its coalfields, where a legacy of years of active coal and iron ore mining has left millions of tons of coal extraction and iron and steel manufacturing waste in the form of sterile, obtrusive tips

  • 26,453 Derelict Landscape Premium High Res Photos
  • Vacant & Derelict Land Study
  • BRICtalks: Greening and biodiversity net gain for marginal vacant and derelict land
  • Biodiversity Heritage Library
  • Spooky Old Ruined Derelict Building In Thick Forest Landscape
  • Derelict land to be transformed to deliver new homes
  • Derelict Land
  • Ayr Road: derelict+landscape
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Derelict Reclamation - Landscape Architecture

26,453 Derelict Landscape Premium High Res Photos

City, Territory and Architecture volume 7 , Article number: 10 Cite this article. Metrics details. Conversion and transformation of historic buildings and industrial site reclamation projects are becoming topics of renewed interest.

Many industrial buildings beckon architecture design theory to revitalize urban areas and make new use of public space. Ruins and historic sites speak to us about the need to rethink settings which belong to long-lost ages and yet are contemporary in the stories they reveal.

There are present-day problematic and sensitive areas abandoned quarries, ex industrial plants, landfills, etc. Contact with historic, industrial and modern spaces pushes us to apply new methodological approaches in an effort to re-write the present. In fact, nowadays it is imperative that we engage a relationship with the past which takes into consideration not only ancient legacies but also those entrenched in 20th century crises—uncomfortable memories often embodied in areas of great landscape or historic value.

How are we to approach our relationship with these legacies? Critical studies illustrate the value of those projects capable of breathing new life into the fabric of urban space by creating public areas and city parks. Memory, seemingly pushed into a playful, irreverently lighthearted vein for years, is thus allowed once again to speak to us of the human and social desire to reclaim time and provide urban and suburban areas with new opportunities for regeneration and growth.

Mining sites, manufacturing plants, cement factories, silos, slaughterhouses and other industrial building sites are intrinsically different from those seen in classical architecture not only in nature but also in terms of culture and relationship with the burden of time. When we intervene upon a Greek or Roman structure, our approach is respectful to the monument because we ascribe value to it; it emanates a sense of dignity because it has stood the test of time and survived as testament to ancient cultures.

Throughout history, classical ruins think of the Renaissance or Neoclassical period have taught us a series of lessons about proportions, materials and spatiality and have been re-interpreted with new designs MarottaIn contrast, the history of industrial structures reveals their shortcoming: though functional, they have tended to create crisis in the terrain they draw resources from. Industrial archeology is dialectic and critical in its nature. Nowadays, these industrial plants located at the edges of historic centers or in quality environmental areas can be opened to new uses.

They are places in which we sense the meaning of life, as though they were elderly, wise bodies. While classical archeology excludes contemporary projects, industrial structures welcome an inclusion of the present. Industrial archeological sites are like secular cathedrals that have lost the magic of the sacred and speak to us about abandonment and the destiny of humankind.

Within metal structures upheld by tensional force, the present highlights the traces left behind by these productive, secular monuments. While in classical archeology we refer to ruins, in an industrial context we begin to introduce the theme of abandonment.

Classical ruins are built from materials that withstand the test of time; the nature of industrial remains forces us to develop new methods of assessment and practice in city design. The aim is not only to preserve these places as monuments, but also to make use of their spatial and urban value. This disused slaughterhouse is now reclaimed as a space for public and social connection as well as for art.

The themes of art, space and culture are embodied in the idea of a portal, an access point, a passage- a metaphor for a new destination Fig. The door is thus a fundamental feature of the architecture here, as it allows for connection and, simultaneously, for closing and delimitation. As a result, the project is designed in line with the pre-existing traces, the inner layout and the pointed metal structure reminiscent of Islamic mosques.

The Matadero is a large rectangle with two wide aisles which characterize its ample space and define it with a deep section that allows the light to come through. The three common areas are distinguished by a shed section Fig. The existing walls and metal structure have been consolidated by adding opening and delimitation features. Many separate spaces are therefore present, making it versatile for various uses. One of the two halls is bordered by a double system of portals- a bottom one which allows total closure for exhibits or concerts, and a top one used to orient or shield the incoming light.

The bricks have been exposed in order to give one an impression of raw material and to showcase industrial building logic, as if to capture an aura of sorts.

One of the most significant transformations seen in the past few years has to do with the concept of territory itself, and it is a deep shift indeed. In the s, Norberg-Schulz proposed we interpret place as genius loci with a distinctive spirit that informs its identity. In the 90s, thanks to the influence of philosophical works by Foucault and Deleuze, landscape came to be understood as a showcase of archeological stratification Foucault ; DeleuzeIt is a shift in direction: place no longer represents a stable condition and its significance instead lays in process.

In this stratigraphy, even memory cannot remain frozen or static and must be reinterpreted. One of the most interesting architectural examples of this is the Granitmuseum Bayerischer Wald, which is built into the excavated terraces of an abandoned quarry Fig.

Photo: P. Manev, Selb. Place and context thus become a single body made of the same substance Marotta Fig. In this philosophical vein, landscape is no longer viewed as a merely reassuring sight, nor is nature seen as a place for us to simply contemplate.

The charm of a refurbished factory or of a military structure converted for civil use affirms a clear truth: memory survives in history, like a phoenix rising from its own ashes. Over the past few years, the landscape available for project design has changed. Limits are no longer determined by the confines of the city with its urban order and social image. We have gone beyond the genius loci idea of spirit of place that defines a landscape.

Today it is abandoned or marginalized places that allow for a broader concept of context where multiple viewpoints and interpretations are possible. Nature and context are no longer viewed as disjointed processes; on the contrary, human-made and natural environments converge into a single body which architectural culture intends to protect and redevelop.

Over the last decades, disused areas, mining quarries, industrial buildings and military bunkers have become contemporary architectural grounds. Today, attention to the fabric of the landscape and its stratifications combined with renewed respect for the environment makes project design somewhat archeological in nature.

Land reclamation, along with reuse and conversion of historical meanings and a deepening alliance with the landscape are new themes in design theory. Archeology has broadened its temporal scope by including secular industrial sources as well as places laden with negative symbolism like the bunkers scattered across Europe.

His Aktionen heralded a new approach wherein memory is interpreted as social action in taking place in a given space within a broader concept of process design. Following the damaging earthquake in Naples, he created the installation titled Terremoto in Palazzo. Everyday objects representative of local culture were recovered from the area open-air landfills and displayed in a scenic environment.

The performance highlighted how the Campania region was a place subject to constant transformation and interference caused by its seismic and volcanic nature. Timeless artifacts were placed on top of each other and tables upheld vases and other objects in precarious balance.

It was a way of illustrating the fragile identity of a place subject to a sort of fatalism caused by an unstable, magmatic view of reality. With his work, Beuys told a tale about existence, dreams, and a metaphor for discomfort AA. Today, these themes are relevant to project design for the refurbishment of bunkers and industrial buildings, which can be seen as arenas for an archeology of modernity.

Thanks to a collective Rotor effort, a reinforced concrete structure named Grindbakken was transformed in the dock area of the port in Ghent, Belgium. Once a deposit for sand and gravel, it is located between land and water for optimal loading—unloading of material by trucks to and from the boats. This extraordinary m site comprised of open-air rooms was given new life as a space for art and exhibits Fig. The task here involved interpreting visible traces with the aim of recovering a sort of regressed identity.

The walls were painted white in order to foster maximum versatility for future exhibits. The presence of iron minerals at the warehouse site left traces of its color in the concrete which the project brought to light whilst also protecting the lichens growing throughout the industrial site.

The greatest transformation involved changing a functional industrial building divided into rooms into a place for social art. In a Dada vein, his collages were created as manifestations of random chance, based upon combinations of different materials. His works were in fact governed by a profound sense of balance and their main feature was a polyphonic character conveyed by the juxtaposition of heterogeneous materials- a metaphor for a life based on diversity.

They displayed marked attention to thin, fragile traces highlighted by surface chromatic alterations. The reuse of industrial archaeologies and their surrounding spaces offers the potential to reinterpret these places as part of a contemporary context. The condition of abandonment provides the creative foundation necessary for the regeneration of the landscape starting from its constitutive elements.

These undefined and uncertain territories are, therefore, characterized by both the absence of use or function, and by the presence of promise and hope. The latter are to be understood as complementary urban resources—places founded upon pre-existing conditions but waiting to become vectors of regenerative, evolving processes for a city. An abandoned condition allows a space to take on new meaning and shape thanks to reclamation and re-use practices.

The latter create new resources- a benefit of openness towards welcoming new ways to share space. These meanings are intended as both explicit, as in the case of the existing landscape and materials, and implicit in terms of memory and identity Fig.

When we physically and functionally include abandoned places in an urban system we are able to home in on its critical issues and flaws, which is a prerequisite for reclamation of space. Transforming abandoned landscapes improves urban quality and takes us beyond a view of conservation as a mere return to the past SecchiIn this spirit, it seems useful to adopt viewpoints and design methods aimed at creating connections among the different actors affected by a given project and converging towards shared goals.

Many cities and regions have benefited from industry as a source of employment and economic revenue. The dependent relationship between productive areas and local resources ensures that they come to characterize one another. The presence of physically relevant abandoned places can be an incentive for urban transformation. Planning landscape transformation entails a process of information gathering capable of sparking new connections via a process of constructing alternatives PiemonteseThe industrial complexes found in the Ruhr region are but one relevant example of landscape renewal which does not do away with existing elements and creates a post-industrial space for the benefit of surrounding areas and cities.

In this sense, identifying and fostering post-industrial landscapes can encourage us to go beyond viewing single elements as separate entities. Indeed, it pushes design towards a logic of interrelatedness and connection among and between physical elements and the characteristics of the landscape Bagliani and DanseroContemporary needs have thus provided an incentive for re-thinking industrial landscapes by changing the intended use of structures and facilitating.

This process is not destructive in nature but rather aims to integrate a new balance in both landscape and environment. These sites, devoid of preexisting function, are the spaces for the project. The uniqueness of these spaces allows the project to answer to the evolving needs of the city. With the absence of human activity, nature gradually reclaims these abandoned places. The coexistence of ruins and wild vegetation in these sites, a feature which characterizes many archaeological landscapes today, can play a strategic role in the configuration and design of the project.

This coexistence is essential to the project. The possibility of a new perspective for these places, different in size, form and constitution, can be opened up. The regeneration project can incorporate the dynamism of the vegetative process that occupies the abandoned spaces, acquiring it as a constitutive element for the new spatial organization. The colonization of space by these forms reveals spontaneous processes in which the project can be introduced to create new opportunities based on them.

Vacant & Derelict Land Study

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This chapter is concerned with the positive values and functions that local residents attributed to the officially derelict sites. The conventional.

BRICtalks: Greening and biodiversity net gain for marginal vacant and derelict land

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Biodiversity Heritage Library

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Reclamation is the improvement of derelict land into a new end use, whereas restoration is the return to a former use.

Spooky Old Ruined Derelict Building In Thick Forest Landscape

Sample 1. Sample 2. Sample 3. Derelict Vehicle means any used motor vehicle without a valid vehicle license or with an expired license. Intentional for purposes of this Agreement, no act or failure to act on the part of the Executive shall be deemed to have been intentional if it was due primarily to an error in judgment or negligence. Malice or "maliciously" means an evil intent, wish, or design to vex, annoy, or injure another person.

Derelict land to be transformed to deliver new homes

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Basic ideas - Reclamation of derelict land · Problems - High water table. Stoney substrate leading to excessive drainage. Acid soil. Infertile. · Solutions - Pits.

Derelict Land

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Ayr Road: derelict+landscape

RELATED VIDEO: Yau Tong Bay Waterfront Revitalization - Final Year Landscape Architecture Thesis Project

On 16 th January , the Housing Secretary, Robert Jenrick MP, announced plans to enable the public to turn vacant plots of land and derelict buildings into community spaces and new homes. What do the plans hope to achieve? A similar power was introduced in the s by Michael Heseltine. It allowed the public to request the sale of under-used publicly owned land in England and was extended in through 'Community Right to Reclaim Land'.

Picture: Liberal Democrats.

With the rapid urban development in many cities, large-scale infrastructures and facilities are required to accommodate the urban needs. Train depots, highway interchanges, waste landfills, etc. Previous Post Next Post. Departments and Divisions. International Collaborations.

The mixed use community park will be a haven for activities, learning and wellbeing. The project will create a community park with play areas, a wetland area and a network of paths for walkers and cyclists, further enhancing the Malls Mire Community Woodland local nature reserve. It will surround the community in the Prospecthill Circus area putting in place a key part of the masterplan for the residents and visitors to enjoy. The park area will boast an outdoor gym, two play areas, open recreational space and a bike pump track.



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